Permission. The word kept coming up as I interacted with MKs and their parents during a recent trip overseas. In a subculture saturated with expectations and obligations, it seemed a restorative term.

The following six permissions are crucial to raising a generation of MKs unhobbled by the demands of adults who may not know what it is to be young and living cross-culturally in ministry, still unformed and learning.




Permission To Be Kids

It’s no secret that missionaries’ children, much like pastors’ kids, feel held to higher standards than their peers. In the fishbowl of ministry, there is unrelenting pressure to behave well. Be good. Be polite. Be friendly. Have a positive attitude and never—ever—complain.

The broad expectation that they be better behaved, smarter and more mature than other children their age—or at least that they convincingly project these traits—can become a debilitating pressure.

And if there’s one thing MKs do well, it’s try to live up to unrealistic expectations.

When I was visiting with a missionary family a few weeks ago, I asked an 11-year old boy why his family had moved to Romania. He told me that he was there to “introduce people to Jesus.” Perhaps the most meaningful words I heard on that three-week trip were his mother’s when she said, “No, honey, mom and dad are here to introduce people to Jesus. Your job is to be a kid.”

What a simply-worded, freedom-giving statement! Her son, a relatively new MK, heard from his mother’s mouth that it’s okay for him to just be young. So he can talk back or stomp his foot or hate zucchini or complain or lie and expect consequences—but without the disproportionate shame too often levied on MKs who are just being kids in the world of ministry.


Permission To Fail

Children will fail. They’ll do stupid things, they’ll forget instructions and they’ll disobey rules. It goes without saying that MK or non-MK, they need to know that mistakes and bad behavior are not unforgivable flaws.

In the ministry world, though, failure can take on more ominous overtones.

  • “We need to set an example for the unbelievers watching us.”
  • “God wants us to be a light in the darkness.”
  • “You represent God in your middle school.”

The exhortations seem benign, but they add a deeper condemnation to inevitable stumbles.

Demanding unreasonable exceptionality of MKs because their family represents God sets them up for the worst kind of failure: one in which their imperfection hurts their family’s work and tarnishes God’s image.

So it isn’t just a bad grade. It isn’t just getting cut from the soccer team. It isn’t just posting something inappropriate on Facebook. It isn’t just stealing change off the teacher’s desk or telling a lie about a friend.

It brings shame on themselves, on their families and on God. If we’re not careful with our words, we heap a spiritual burden on six-year olds whose lives are already complicated by cross-cultural living, frequent transitions and successive losses. The liberating balm of “permission to fail” for young people who are often overly self-blaming cannot be overstated.


Permission To Grieve

It’s no secret that the heaviest burden many MKs bear is the number of goodbyes they’re forced to say in their early years. The mission field is a transient place where someone is always leaving. The repeated departures create an expectation of loss that colors both their entry into new relationships and the nature of the friendships they form.

The world’s unspoken expectation of courage and resilience in the face of so much loss puts pressure on grieving MKs to get over it fast, to find comfort in their faith and to forge ahead without handicap. Little emphasis is put on the grieving process and little space is given to allow it to evolve.

Adding to the issue is the unwillingness of many adults in ministry to model healthy grieving for the younger generation.

Until missionary parents and the missionary community as a whole give permission to missionaries’ children to express and work through their grief—as ugly as it may get—we will continue to see hearts hardened toward God (on whom many blame their losses) and adult MKs still crippled by their losses in later seasons of their lives.


Permission To Dissent

MKs know they’re a package deal. God called their parents. He funded their ministry. They made it overseas and are doing good work. How dare they question a Calling? How dare they resist another move or resent another change of schools?

Of all the MKs I’ve worked with in over twenty years, those who have felt no permission to voice a disagreement or question their parents’ choice are the ones whose resentment has been most bitter.

How easy it is for adults with a clear vision and driving passion to carve a path toward the Calling they perceive. And how destructive it can be when the children in their care don’t feel the same impulse, but measure the Call in toxic increments of Change.

Before announcing a new direction or an uprooting, parents of MKs might consider gently introducing the topic—with conversation and common seeking. With compassion and attention. With their hearts trained on their children while their spirits are tuned to God. Missionaries may be surprised, from this stance, to find his heart on their kids too…and his Call extending to their role as parents as well as to his work.

With permission to dissent, children will feel the freedom to voice their feelings, allowing the family to proceed perhaps more slowly, but with each member engaged in discerning what God is asking of them. It’s open, it’s healthy and it’s ultimately God-honoring.


Permission To Doubt

Not all MKs are saved. Not all MKs believe that God is real. Not all MKs view their parents’ faith in a positive light. I didn’t encounter Jesus—truly encounter Jesus—until I’d been a missionary for a couple of years. Yet presumptions about the faith of MKs abound both in their sending churches and among their family members. Of course she’s saved. Of course he’s on fire for God! They’re MKs!

So the young person whose life is steeped in Christianity feels guilty for doubting. Guilty for the shreds of unbelief that daren’t be expressed lest they bring shame (that word again) on the family and their work.
I’ve seen MKs try to process their lack of faith being tisk’ed into silence. Or voicing their doubts and being preached into submission. Or hinting at uncertainty and being reproached into repentance.

Faith is not an inherited conviction. God is not a transferable commodity. Yet the pressure on MKs to not only believe, but be exemplary in their faith is rampant. What unfair pressure on souls whose perception of God has been complicated by a ministry-saturated worldview.

Permission to doubt is more than mere processing-space—it’s the gift of honest grappling toward eternal outcomes. Parents need to extend it. Communities need to extend it. Churches need to extend it. Adults and peers need to celebrate it as part of God’s working in the MK’s life.
Permission to doubt is crucial to an authentic faith.


Permission To Redefine Significance

The message comes from within and without the missionary community: “The best, most significant and God-pleasing life you can live is one devoted to his service.”

But it’s a lie.

The best, most significant and God-pleasing life is one in which relationship with him is central. Not work for him or sacrifice to him. Relationship with him.

In the missionary world, we narrowly define significance as working for God. Well-intentioned believers reemphasize the message: “Your parents are doing the most important work.” Churches further accentuate it by highlighting missionary families and rewarding their effort with attention, prestige and donations.

So the MK who wants to become a dancer feels like a sell-out. She’s seen the need, after all, and all she wants to do is dance? Shameful. All he wants to be is an electrician? Sad. All she sees herself doing is teaching? So unworthy of the MK-upbringing that shaped her.

I’ve known guilt-ridden adult MKs who can’t reconcile the career they love with the definition of significance that distorts their perspective. Successful businessmen providing for the dozens of families they employ who feel they’ve missed the boat. Artists revealing God’s creativity and beauty to a cynical world who feel disloyal to the Call that galvanized their parents. Stay-at-home dads modeling God’s heart to their children who fear their lives are not significant enough.

Significance is not what we do, it’s who we are because of our relationship with Christ. It’s the light we shine by our mere presence wherever we toil—not the task we do there. It’s the expression of God’s spirit in us that requires no words. It’s a dancer’s sublimation of the horrors of this world. The craftman’s honesty and the excellence of his work. The teacher’s heart as she nourishes young souls.

There is deep significance in choosing to exercise the talents God has given us and in radiating him in the process. Too often, permission to find one’s intimate significance and excel at it is poorly stated or withheld by well-intentioned missionary parents.


The Gift of Permission

Because so many of the expectations delineated above are unspoken, their antidote will have to be clearly articulated and frequently repeated. My encouragement to missionary parents desiring to remove the pressure from their still-developing children is fourfold. From their earliest age onward:

  • Foster open communication with your kids.
  • Use simple, unambiguous words to free them from unreasonable expectations.
  • Exercise grace and mercy.
  • Model in your adulthood what you preach into their childhood.

Dare to open conversations that may take years to finish. It’s a healthy place to start for both the missionary and the MK.

Please join the conversation!

  • Contribute your thoughts in the comments section below
  • Use the social media links to Like and Share this article
  • Many of these articles are now available in podcast form. Simply search for “Pondering Purple” on your usual pod platforms, or click this link to be taken to its host page.
  • To subscribe to this blog, email and write “subscribe” in the subject line
  • Pick up Of Stillness and Storm (my novel about a missionary calling gone awry) on Amazon


  1. Oh Michele, this is so good! I was blessed with parents that somehow did much of this “right”, but I too know too many casualties suffering deeply. Thank you!

  2. Important issues to think about! Thank you for taking the time to write down things that are so important to the life of MKs.

  3. Easier to read with 40 years distance… Thanks Michele, for such a concise summary of what we understand so viscerally. Keep making a difference for others like us.

  4. I had goosebumps & tears at the end of reading this excellent blog. Not that my parents were terrible- they weren’t. They just didn’t have all this information & were doing the best they could under the circumstances with 4 stairstep boisterous kids! This article needs to be given to everyone working with MKs during childhood & adolescence, not just their parents! Well thought out, researched & written! May God use it to bless so many MKs & their parents, too!!!

  5. Your blogs are amazing, Michelle. Each one of them is incredibly insightful and helpful.

  6. Michele, thank you for your eloquence to the matters of our hearts….of my heart. You often speak to truths that allow me to grieve areas that I often don’t even know are still there.. at 54 years of age. We were never allowed to grieve at all…I was screamed at….you have to just learn to adjust!

  7. Thank you for this post. I’m going to share it with my friends… I want to examine my heart and see if I hold any scars or bitterness because of the expectations I felt on me as a child and even as an adult. Blessings on your wonderful posts Michele Phoenix

  8. I can especially relate to the last part. The expectation (especially on the mission field) that I would naturally follow my parent’s footsteps (after all, my father was an MK as well), was pretty obvious. And when I would say, “No, I don’t plan to go to Bible School (or college), I plan to enlist in the military….” the result would be a shocked silence, then “Really???” Then the reaction when I would say that I planned on making the military my career.

  9. I found that really helpful, being an MK mum of 2 MK boys. I personally feel a pressure for my kids to behave and react a certain way, because they don’t fit that “typical” mk mould (that all other mks here do seem to fit nicely, as did I when growing up too). It’s a timely reminder to trust God for them; to encourage their personal relationship with Him, and not overfocus on appearances.

  10. Beautifully written and precisely, elegantly worded. Thanks, Michèle! As a TCA it’s important I remember things like this with the MKs and other kids in ministry around me.

  11. Read this out loud to my husband this morning. Thanks so much for this!

  12. I love the word “released” as well! This is SO important for parents AND for boarding/day TCK schools where TCKs spend the majority of their lives 24/7…

  13. Awesome article. I wish that my parents had given me just one of these permissions.

    • shary

    • 9 years ago

    Wow Michele you have made it so clean. When these are not given by parents, houseparents, other missionaries, even churches MKs suffer their whole lives. Also it is good to remember that just because we as MKs now know that we should have had these permissions does not mean we can change our thinking right away. We may still be “acting” correctly at 70.

  14. I agree with this article. I have felt tons of pressure to be the best kid around and to know everything about the Bible and when someone says something and I realize that I don’t know anything about it I feel like I’ve failed. I try to help everyone, too. Also, I was extremely bitter for years because my parents and I moved to another country that I didn’t want anything to do with.

  15. This is a wonderful article, not only for missionaries and their kids, but for all third culture families, including military families. Whether they’re Christian or not, many of the expectations are similar in all cases.

    • katrinka

    • 9 years ago

    Thank you so much for this article!!

    • Sarah Frey

    • 9 years ago

    At 67, I’m finally in a comfortable relationship with my God after a lifetime of struggle growing up as a MK or TCK. Ten years ago I read the book “Third Culture Kids” given to me by another MK, and cried my way through reading it. Since then, I’ve worked very hard to separate my hurts from my beliefs, trying to reconcile my parents treatment of me and my siblings with the God they felt compelled to serve. It has been hard. I am grateful and thankful for this article that states so clearly what I struggled with for so long, mainly guilt and shame. I hope the missionaries of today are getting guidance in this critical area. Thanks.

    • grace

    • 9 years ago

    All of this resonates deeply. It unveils hidden thoughts which surface now and again, for which no words have yet been voiced. Almost like having bits and pieces of a half remembered dream, this retells it for us, recollects, clarifies. MKs are not the only ones who struggle with needing these permissions….their kids often inherit the same needs which the parents subconsciously pass down. This article is going to be one that I chew on and seek to not only gaze on fully for my own clarity, but also as to how being an MK/PK is still effecting me and my parenting. I have very often felt I missed the boat by not ending up on the missionfield, but that perhaps I can at least get my kids to be where my parents were. What a double loaded pressure. It’s time to unpack and just revel in the love of the God who just wants us to know and love Him intimately, personally, for our selves. To bask in His presence and rest in who He is. And just perhaps, in doing this, we may become the very best “missionaries” for Him in the REAL world. By just letting ourselves be loved on by God for who we really are.
    Thank you for your ministry Michelle. I’m so glad you’ve found your voice and are helping us wake up from the cocoons which have too long encased the wings with which God intended us to fly. Cocoons which have have also muffled the voices with which we were intended to sing.

    • Sunmin Lee

    • 6 years ago

    Rereading this article brings so much grief and heaviness in my heart… To think of how many MK’s and PK’s are carrying these burdens that I still struggle with… Thank you for putting words to it and bringing this to light, Michele.

    • J Don Scott

    • 5 years ago

    Thank you Michele, for this insightful article! I’m an 80 year old missionary parent who along with my wife, who passed away five years ago, raised four children on the field.
    After reading your article I will be doing a lot of soul searching and reflecting on the insights you have shared. You have truly uncovered many areas of critical importance Mks and their parents have faced but not managed well!
    I’m look forward to discussing the insights you have share with my children, who are all now in their 50s. I suspect we will all benefit by experiencing healing and understanding some of the hidden things we have been unknowingly dealing with over the years – past and present!
    Bless you for being a catalyst for this new journey!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *