Josh, an 18-year old senior at Black Forest Academy, was home in Italy with his 4-year old brother, Sam. (Pictured below) They were sitting on the balcony one night, looking up at the stars, and Sam was saying the cutest things.

Josh listened and smiled, content to be sitting under the Italian sky, spending time with a brother he saw only on Christmas, Easter and summer breaks.

Eventually, Sam said, “Hold me.” So Josh took the little guy into his arms and they stared up together. “I miss you, Josh,” Sam said. “Ask me why I miss you.” Josh dutifully repeated the question. And Sam said, “School. I’ll miss you when you go back to school.”

Then he looked up at the stars and, pointing, said, “I wish on that star and that star and that star and that star that you don’t have to go.”

And then he uttered an astounding sentiment for a child his age. “But Jesus is here and he’ll make it okay.”

At the age of four, toe-headed Sam had already developed a theology of grief, a spiritual mechanism that allowed him to deal with his beloved brother’s imminent departure. Yes, it’s a beautiful thing. And yes, it’s also sobering.

The statistics don’t lie. By the age of 18, average TCKs will have experienced 8 major moves (Source: Interaction). They’ll also have lived in a transient community where people are constantly coming and going, some with predictable exits and others without warning at all.

The lie MKs derive from such a goodbye-loaded existence is straightforward: everybody always leaves.

Loss is as common on the mission field as big hair at a Bill Gaither convention. It doesn’t only apply to people. With each of those 8 moves mentioned above, an MK will experience a host of losses:

  • Loss of pets.
  • Loss of social network (sports teams, youth groups, classmates, neighborhood kids).
  • Loss of favorite things, particularly when they’re associated with a specific place.
  • Loss of security (knowing what to expect and how things “work”).
  • Loss of status (people knowing who you are and what you’ve accomplished without need for explanation).
  • Loss of lifestyle (particularly for those MKs who move across cultures and financial statuses).

But none of those losses are as devastating to a young person as the loss of people. The first people we lose (sometimes without even realizing it) are relatives: grandparents and cousins who drive to the airport to see us off and whose presence in our lives loses immediacy and “realness” with every year we spend overseas. I grieved when my grandparents passed away, but not because I was sad they’d died. I grieved because of the realization that I’d really never known them. I had grown up visiting them for a week during my HMA summers, but I felt as close to them as I did to anyone else I saw rarely.

MKs who attend boarding school might also feel the loss of their immediate family, though modern technology has made it so much easier to keep in touch by Skype, affordable phone rates and emails. That requires a commitment and diligence on the part of parents that isn’t always there, given the taxing demands of a life in ministry.

For children whose parents are too busy to call or write, the loss is felt on a visceral level.

And then there are those peripheral losses that happen like random meteor strikes, leaving craters that can neither be filled nor erased.

I grew up at the European Bible Institute, immersed in a subculture in which a new batch Bible school students arrived every year and another batch graduated. As a child who was mistreated in the French school system, it was in the young adults of EBI that I invested my heart, devoting myself to these kind and compassionate “grown-ups” who saw in bucktoothed Little Shell someone to be heard and embraced.

Every time I fell into friendship with another student, I kicked myself: they were going to leave in a year or two anyway, so why get attached? Like many MKs, I’d tried to adopt a love-no-one mantra at a young age, my attempt at sparing myself from more painful goodbyes.

But I’d soon discovered that I craved meaningful relationships more than I feared another loss.

I could try all I wanted to remain aloof in order to avoid more painful goodbyes, but a life of solitude seemed a worse fate than familiar grief.

Adding to the weight of losses is the transient nature of the missionary community. We know that the time span missionaries devote to overseas work varies, and there’s a certain security in knowing who is there for one year, who is there for two years, and who is there for life. We know the goodbyes will be inevitable, but we can also brace ourselves for them when we see them coming.

It’s those unexpected departures that catch us off-guard and unprepared.

Having to evacuate a country in the middle of the night, as some of my former students had to do. Seeing best friends get on a plane because a sudden family emergency had forced them to move back to the States. Watching others slip out of our lives because their mission requested they move to another field, because they ran out of funding or because of interpersonal tensions.

There are countless reasons for missionaries to “move on,” and each one of them leads to the kind of losses that can cause difficulties in relationships, life stability and personal vulnerability.

Fear of loss can be one of the most influential motivators in an MK’s life. The area in which it is most obvious is relationships. Because we know (from experience) that we’ll only have our friends for a limited amount of time, we often act in predictable ways:

  • We enter into relationships quickly and deeply, not wanting to waste days and weeks on the usual social dances. (An article devoted to untangling MK relationship models is HERE.) Typically, an MK will “dive deep,” immediately asking pointed questions, revealing intimate details about his/her life and maybe even in some way testing the new arrival. Where “normal” friendships begin casually and slowly mature into something meaningful, MK relationships skip all the preliminaries in a zeal to get to the “real stuff” fast…just in case the person will have to leave tomorrow. Ironically, this means that we’ll only be more attached by the time that dreaded separation happens. We’re creating more pain by loving more deeply–and we know it.
  • The flip-side of that approach is trying to protect ourselves. (An article on MKs and isolation titled “The Gift of Need” is HERE.) We’ve learned that relationship invariably leads to pain, so we barricade ourselves inside a fragile self-sufficiency and keep reminding ourselves that we need no one and want no one. If this strategy works (and it occasionally does), it can lead to serious difficulties in ever allowing anyone close, unless the MK receives the kind of help that will free him/her from this self-defensive strategy.


  • We tend to see all relationships as having an expiration date. This can be a detriment to being able to think in terms of lifelong commitment. We’re so used to seeing profound friendships torn apart by life’s vagaries that it’s sometimes uncomfortable for us to be engaged in long-term friendships with no end in sight, without any of the urgency that has mostly defined our previous relational style.
  • Some of us erroneously conclude that the reason people keep leaving must be because there’s something wrong with us. We must be unlikable and unworthy of their loyalty. We must be ugly, stupid or just plain uninteresting. It’s a torturous way to live.
  • We may get angry at whatever we think has caused the lack of stability in our lives. Maybe it’s God’s fault. Maybe it’s the missionary world’s fault.  Maybe it’s life’s fault. Maybe it’s our parents’ fault. Whatever it is, we don’t like it. And it erodes us.

Another trait common to most MKs is that we tend to accumulate and relive our grief. When someone we love leaves, it’s not just that loss that burdens us. Every departure brings up all the pain and tearing-apart of previous departures.

When I was growing up and had to say another goodbye, I would feel paralyzed with grief, even when the person leaving wasn’t necessarily a close friend. But I wasn’t just grieving for that departure, I was also grieving for every single time I’d had to say goodbye in my life up to that point.  Grieving another loss. Angry at another loss. Bemoaning the lifestyle that had caused them to happen so frequently and wishing it didn’t have to happen again and again and again.

Every goodbye released the accumulated angst and sorrow of a lifetime of losses, and there was little anyone could do to soothe the jagged pain.

Unfortunately, the world of missions will always be a place where people come and go at dizzying speeds, where transfers happen without warning and friendships develop fast and most often die suddenly.


Even in my adult years, I approached every major goodbye with feelings that seemed more suited to sudden death than to geographical distance. It wasn’t until my mid-twenties that I realized that every goodbye triggered the re-lived, accumulated grief of a lifetime of losses. The best anyone can do to help an MK coping with accumulated losses is to point out that a departure isn’t a death. With modern social networking sites, email, Skype and so many other communication tools, there’s no reason why a friendship should just disappear because distance intervenes.

We may lose proximity, but we need not lose love.

The lie is that “everybody always leaves.” Its antidote is fourfold:

  • Realizing that the word “everybody” may be an overstatement! It is important that we recognize and cherish those friendships we’ve had that have lasted more than a handful of months. Looking back, I can now see friendships in my youth that did last for three or four years, but I was so busy bemoaning the loss of others that I never recognized what I had .
  • Allowing each goodbye to validate how full, rich and beautiful that friendship was. Choosing to celebrate what we had even as we grieve. As in most things in life, it’s so easy to focus just on the painful.  It takes extra effort to acknowledge the good. If occasions such as grad can help us to see how unique and precious those relationships have been and how fortunate we’ve been to have them, that can further encourage a long-distance friendship that may be different, but won’t necessarily be weaker. Which leads to…
  • Investing the time, organization and effort it takes to maintain long-distance friendships with those we love most dearly.
  • Realizing our need for relationships and choosing to continue to invest in them, even if they may cause pain in the future. The benefits of relationships are worth the effort, commitment, and risk of further loss.

Allow me to repeat that, because if you’re an MK like me, it’s a Truth we’d all do well to remember: the benefits of relationship are worth the risk of loss.

Please join the conversation!

  • Contribute your thoughts in the comments section below
  • Use the social media links to Like and Share this article
  • Many of these articles are now available in podcast form. Simply search for “Pondering Purple” on your usual pod platforms, or click this link to be taken to its host page.
  • To subscribe to this blog, email and write “subscribe” in the subject line
  • Pick up Of Stillness and Storm (my novel about a missionary calling gone awry) on Amazon




    • izzysmom

    • 13 years ago

    This post spoke to my heart Michele! I am so “that person” that re-lives the grief of goodbye’s over and over in every goodbye situation to someone I care deeply about, even at 28 years old. Even now, when I visit those I love, be it family or friends from BFA, I would rather just disappear than have to face the goodbyes and the pain. Every time I uncontrollably sob, I just cant stop it, and then for days feel the sadness of that loss. It’s like being ripped away from those I love again and again when I do wish we could all be within close proximity and that sadness that comes from realizing that we most likely never will be.
    On the other hand, it is worth the pain realizing the amazing uplifting relationships that have come out of being an MK, I would not trade it for anything! In my adult life in the states it has been rough creating new friendships that run that deep, and after 11 years back I am still unsure if I will ever have that again, that is where part of the pain comes from as well, thinking that I will never have a friend or friends like those as an MK again. That said:), thank you again for writing that post, it was spot on for what I need to reflect on in that part of my life and not always re-hashing the pain of the goodbye’s, but relishing in the joy and gratefulness of even having relationships like that! I look forward to your next post!

    • Dalese Stockwell

    • 13 years ago

    Wow…I might have believed some of those lies myself…great write. Thank you for sharing!

    • journalingjunkie13

    • 13 years ago

    One of your best—it gave those of us who are not MKs a glimmer of the anguish—yet you provided an RX of hope! The pix, as always, were right on target and so moving!

    • MercyMech

    • 13 years ago

    …everybody *does* always leave; stability is a facade & foundation is a farce. Believe it, sister! One only has to see something happen repetitively a certain amount of times before the phenomenon becomes as real as any other intangible certainty…

    1. Sounds to me like we need to have a talk… 😉 (And thanks for the Robin Hood correction!)

  1. Well, this is me too; only I maintained my aloofness because if I did not, I would certainly have gone mad..

  2. I’m not an MK, but my kids are. Your words are very insightful and helpful even for me. I see these traits in my kids, but we also went through the transitions and traumas…. God bless you.

    • Tim

    • 11 years ago

    Thank you so much for this! Helps us understand our daughter’s reactions better and how we can help her with those emotions. thank you so much!!!!

    • wandaface

    • 11 years ago

    So insightful. Thank you, Michele.
    As I’ve reflected further on the article (and I’m an MK), the truth is that everyone really DOES leave. MK or not, we all experience loss. People die, leave and move on all over the world. MKs experience this in greater dimension perhaps.
    What’s wonderful is that you’ve identified a belief specific to MKS in a loss which, unrecognized and not addressed, causes issues and harm.
    I appreciate your clarity of thought and the service you’re doing in identification. Now that we’re aware, perhaps some of us now need to deal more squarely our losses.

    • kiwimedievalist

    • 11 years ago

    Ouch! That cut rather close to home, and I thought I’d put all of that behind me. MK for 9 years, been ‘home’ for 20 years, and this is still how I react to people leaving. Thank goodness for the internet!

    • Jman298

    • 11 years ago

    WOW as an MK that had to make a move just a few months ago this was a nice read I’m only 14 but this hit me pretty hard my whole life pretty much was spent on the field and just this January we had to move I was sooo sad I had to leave my friends and my home it sucked , but now I still talk to them trough FB and we still r close friends even though in USA I am having a hard time making friends this really spoke to me thank you Michele

    • Jenette

    • 11 years ago

    My dad, missionary for 40 some years in Taiwan, shared your blog on our family’s facebook page, interested in our response to it. This was how I responded to him:
    For me, friends coming and going was not as much of a struggle as saying goodbye to family and learning how to reconnect with family, learning to be family long distance. I don’t think that came just from being an MK but also from homeschooling. My best friends were my family (all of you), other friendships were just icing on the cake, great, but not integral to any feeling of security for the most part.
    I really think this is part of life unless you grow up in a small town where no one ever leaves (and how often does that happen… That no one ever leaves?). Think about typical reasons why people’s lives are upset these days… Divorce, separation or mom has a new boyfriend…. It is a lot tougher, I think to adjust to those changes with that kind of upheaval.
    I will always be thankful that you didn’t send us to boarding school (especially before high school). That, I think is one of the most damaging things that happens to MK at the young ages especially.
    I do think that being an MK makes me very sensitive to immigrant stories, including those of the KMT retired soldiers in Taiwan, also to kids who don’t feel like they have an “home town” to return too. Too expensive Enid, Ojai and Joplin have become my substitute home towns. I would love to be able to jaunt on over to Taiwan every year or so, but I wouldn’t trade those memories and blessings for a more convenient home town, I LOVED living in Taiwan. I maybe don’t get as attached to places as others, although I enjoy them all, I enjoy them for the memories
    I was particularly touched by a documentary I saw about MK who fled China when the Communists took over… She said of China, ” there have been so many changes, it doesn’t seem like home anymore. No place here (in the U.S.) seems like home. I don’t have a hometown to return to. I have come to really see that my home is in heaven”. She said this wistfully, and I could relate, and I am okay with that.
    People in this world have soo many hardships and so do we. I desperately missed my mom, dad, brother & sisters for years (I would dream that I was looking for you guys in various empty towns) this continued until I had our own children. But I will tell you what, that wasn’t worse than dealing with Jordan’s illness, it wasn’t worse than dealing with the rough patches in our marriage when our kids were young, it wasn’t worse than so much suffering in this world and, here is the crucial part for me, it wasn’t meaningless suffering. Every tear could be considered a sacrifice of praise to the One who redeemed my life and held a promise of eternal reunions in Heaven. It gives me strength for the suffering we are undergoing now. As mom always says, “this too shall pass”.
    I love you and thank you for bringing me on your journey to share the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
    Romans 8:18-19 (ESV)
    18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God.
    Thankyou, for writing this excellent blog, and may we continue to fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and completor of our faith.

    • mwanangolo

    • 11 years ago

    I always leave.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *